If the bond's YMT is greater than its coupon rate, the bond must sell at a discount to make up for the lower coupon rate. For an example, see the bond in a. In both cases, the bond's coupon rate of 3% is less than its YTM and the bond sells for less than its $1,000 par value.

The Effective Annual Rate (EAR) is the rate of interest actually earned on an investment or paid on a loan as a result of compounding the interest over a given period of time. It is higher than the nominal rate and used to calculate annual interest with different compounding periods - weekly, monthly, yearly, etc

It is a more appropriate instrument for exemplifying the discounting of cash flows. Present Value. The price of the zero coupon bond is determined by calculating the present value of the maturity cash flow using a discount factor or interest rate or the yield. This can be illustrated using the formula below – C = the semi-annual coupon interest; N = number of semi-annual periods left to maturity; Let’s take an example to understand how to use the formula. Let us find the yield-to-maturity of a 5 year 6% coupon bond that is currently priced at $850. The calculation of YTM is shown below: The yield to maturity of a bond can be determined from the bond’s market price, maturity, coupon rate and face value. As an example, suppose that a bond has a face value of $1,000 and will mature in ten years. The annual coupon rate is 5%; the bond makes semi-annual coupon payments.

The yield to maturity of a bond can be determined from the bond’s market price, maturity, coupon rate and face value. As an example, suppose that a bond has a face value of $1,000 and will mature in ten years. The annual coupon rate is 5%; the bond makes semi-annual coupon payments. The nominal interest rate is the periodic interest rate times the number of periods per year. For example, a nominal annual interest rate of 12% based on monthly compounding means a 1% interest rate per month (compounded). A nominal interest rate for compounding periods less than a year is always lower than the equivalent rate with Nov 22, 2019 · Yield to maturity will be equal to coupon rate if an investor purchases the bond at par value (the original price). If you plan on buying a new-issue bond and holding it to maturity, you only need to pay attention to the coupon rate.